Most Important Topics and Chapters Students Should Focus on for NEET

Most Important Topics and Chapters Students Should Focus on for NEET

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Undergraduates, or the NEET, is the single entrance exam for MBBS and BDS courses in different medical and dental colleges nationwide. It is one of the most challenging exams after 12 science, and students must be well prepared in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology to qualify with rank. The National Testing Agency (NTA) released the NEET syllabus, containing all the topics for appearing in the NEET exam. 

Medical aspirants targeting NEET should clearly understand exam patterns, syllabus, and important topics. The official NEET brochure lists detailed exam information, like eligibility criteria, exam syllabus, types of questions, exam patterns, etc. 

NEET Chapter-wise weighted helps to plan the preparation strategy in a way to benefits from the hard work. 

Medical aspirants should prepare all the important chapters for NEET Syllabus to secure category-wise qualifying marks in the exam. The NEET syllabus comprises an in-depth study of three subjects, Chemistry, Physics, and Biology, for grades 11 and 12. Seat allotment in NEET is based on the All India Rank of the applicants and the seat availability. Hence, the Students must cover all important chapters for NEET to score well in the exam. However, NEET Chapter-wise weighted helps to plan the preparation strategy to benefit from the hard work. 

This article provides you insights into the important topics for the NEET exam so you can prepare effectively for scoring high marks in the NEET exam. 

Important Chapters for NEET

NEET syllabus is extensive, covering 11 and 12 physics, Chemistry and Biology. Prioritizing the important chapters for NEET is essential to prepare and revise the syllabus before the exam. There is a total of 200 questions, out of which 180 questions have to be answered. NEET chapter-wise weighted allot your time in productive study and keep you on track with your study plan.

Also check: NEET exam preparation tips

Chapter Weighted for NEET exam for Botany

Botany Topics

Topic-wise Questions Marks Distribution Weightage (%)

Genetics & Evolutions

10 40 21.28%

Principal of Inheritance & Variation

7 28

Molecular Basics of Inheritance

3 12
Plant Physiology 8 32 17.02%
Miner Nutrition 1 4
Plant Growth and Development 2 8
Respiration in Plants 2 8
Transport in Plants  3 12
Cell Structure & Function 7 28 14.08%
Cell Cytcle & Division 2 8
Cell: The unit of life 5 20%
Structural Organization in Animals & Plants 4 16 8.51%
Anatomy of Flowering Plants 3 12
Morphology of Flowering Plants 1 4
Diversity in Living World 4 16 8.51
Living World 1 4
Plant Kingdom 1 4
Biological Classification 2 8
Ecology & Environment  9 36 19.15%
Biodiversity & Conservation  3 12
Ecosystem  1 4
Environmental Issue 4 16
Organism & Ppopulation 1 4
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants 4 16 8.51%
Microbes in Humane Welfare 1 4


Chapter Weighted for NEET exam for Zoology

Zoology Topics Topic-wise Questions Marks Distribution Weightage (%)
Humane Physiology 12 48 27.91%
Chemical Coordination 2 8
Digestion & Absorption 2 8
Excretory Products & Their Elimination  2 8
Locomotion & Movement 2 8
Body Fluids & Circulation 2 8
Nervous System  2 8
Biomolecules 4 16 9.30%
Structural Organization in Animals 2 8 4.65%
Animal Kingdom 2 8 4.65%
Biology & Humane Welfare 8 32 18.60%
Humane Health and Disease 4 16
Microbes in Humane Welfare 3 12
Strategies for Enhancement of Food Production 1 1 4
Reproduction 6 24 13.95%
Humane Reproduction 3 12
Reproductive Health 3 12
Biotechnology 5 20 11.63%
Biotechnology & Its Application 2 8
Biotechnology & Its Processes and Principles 3 12
Evolution 3 12 6.98%

The biology section contains more questions than Physics and Chemistry. It has a total of 90 questions that comprise Botany and Zoology.  

Ecology and Environment are the easier and more scoring topics in Biology. On average, 12-15 questions are asked every year. Physiology and Humane Physiology carry 20-25 application-based questions. So, conceptual understanding is essential. Biotechnology is another scoring topic. 

Chapter Weighted  for NEET exam for Physics

Physics Topics Topic-wise Questions Weightage %
Laws of Motion 3 7%
The motion of the System of Particles and Rigid Body 3 7%
Thermodynamics 3 7%
Current Electricity 3 6%
Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism 3 6%
Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits 3 6%
Ray Optics & Optical Instrument 3 5%
Atoms & Nuclei 2 5%
Work, Energy, and Power 2 4%
Wave 2 4%
Wave optics 2 4%
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 2 4%
Gravitation 2 3%
Mechanical Properties of Solids & Fluids 2 3%
Properties of Bulk Matter 1 3%
Oscillations 1 3%
Electrostatics 1 3%
Alternating Currents 1 3%
Units and Measurement 1 2%
Kinematics Motion  1 2%
Thermal Properties of Matter 1 2%
Kinetic Theory 1 2%
Electric Charges & Fields 1 2%
Electrostatic Potential & Capacitance 1 2%
Electromagnetic Induction 1 2%
Center of Mass  1 1%
Rotational motion (System of Particles and Rotational Motion) 1 1%
Electromagnetic Waves 1 1%

Usually, medical aspirants find Physics hard to study, and often, they struggle to figure out the crucial topics in Physics to look at. However, physics can be a deciding factor in the exam with focused study on critical topics and quick problem-solving skills. 

Mechanics is a crucial chapter in the NEET Physics syllabus. Electrostatics, Optics, magnetism, Thermodynamics, and Current Electricity carry good weightage that helps the candidates step ahead in the NEET competition.

Chapter Weighted for NEET exam for Chemistry

Chemistry Topics Topic-wise Questions Weightage %
Chemical Bonding 4 9%
p-block 3 7%
Coordination Compounds 3 6%
Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties 2 4%
D-block & f-block Elements 2 4%
s-block 1 3%
Hydrogen 1 2%
Metallurgy 1 2%
Qualitative Analysis 1 2%
Aromatic Compounds 3 6%
General Organic Chemistry 2 5%
Hydrocarbons 2 4%
Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether 2 4%
Biomolecules 2 4%
Carbonyl Compounds 2 4%
IUPAC & Isomerism 2 4%
Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids 2 3%
Organic Compounds containing nitrogen 2 3%
Chemistry in Everyday Life 2 3%
Haloalkane 1 2%
Polymer 1 2%
Environmental chemistry 1 2%
Practical Organic Chemistry 1 2%
Mole Concept 2 5%
Ionic Equilibrium 2 4%
Chemical Kinetics 2 4%
Solution & Colligative Properties 2 4%
Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry 1 3%
Chemical Equilibrium 1 3%
Gaseous State 1 3%
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1 3%
Electrochemistry 1 3%
Solid State 1 3%
Redox Reactions 1 2%
Surface Chemistry 1 2%

Chemistry has 45 questions divided into three categories: Inorganic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry. If you have a fundamental and conceptual understanding of the subject, you can score well in Chemistry, especially in  Organic chemistry. The questions are easier than physics and Biology.  Chapter weighted for the NEET exam can give you extra mileage over the other candidates in each topic for medical entrance. 


The first step for NEET exam preparation is to know the number of hours to study, what to learn, and how to strategize time between all three subjects.  NEET is a fierce competition and demands intense preparation and time-testing evaluation. Revision of every chapter is crucial to cracking NEET with flying scores. Reviosn helps you to properly evaluate your preparation level and find the gaps in the preparation. It is vital to divide the number of hours of study into reading the topics and revising the same topics to ensure retention of the concept. 

Break the complete NEET syllabus into brief study notes to refer to rapidly before the exam. Subject-matter specialists can assist you in noting appropriate points to revise the whole syllabus in a short time. 

Revising the syllabus helps understand the comprehensive topics, exam format, difficulty level, questions, key concepts, etc.

Plan Topics by More Weightage

The difficulty level of the NEET exam is high, so it is advisable to focus more on the high-weightage chapters to qualify for the exam. Prepare a list of all important chapters in all three subjects and strategies for your preparation for chapter-wise weightage study. NEET Biology section comprises 100 questions and carries the maximum weightage in the exam.  Focusing more on Biology can ease the chances of passing the medical entrance exam.  Ecology, Human Physiology, and Plant physiology are easy and scoring topics in the NEET Biology exam. A NEET coach or experts can compile each subject’s expected NEET chapter-wise weightage

However, you should thoroughly study the basics of all the chapters to get a comprehensive understanding of the subjects. After that, you can strategize your plan for Chaptare-wise study to focus on streamlined preparation. 

To get good grades in physics, solve numerical-based questions more. Organic Chemistry can fetch more scores in the exam. Break down the syllabus into topics and subtopics and allocate more time to challenging topics. 

  • Checkout Topic wise in Previous Papers

Previous Years’ question papers enable students to gain insight into the question patterns, question types, and weightage of questions. Refer to the previous year’s questions and analyze previous years’ trends for better preparation. The preparation for high-weightage chapters is based on previous years’ question models. 

Solving previous years’ papers evaluates your performance and simulates the exam pressure. Identify the important topics based on their weight in previous years’ question papers and strategies for your study plan and revision cycles for the most crucial topics. 

  • Take Guidance From Experts

Seek Guidance from your teachers and mentors on doubt clearance and understanding complex topics. Revision and previous years’ test papers help prioritize the important chapters that need attention to avoid any mistakes in the exam. Through topic understanding, revision, mock tests, and previous question papers, gauge your preparation level and improve your weak area. Right NEET study material is critical to preparing for the examination. 

Previous years’ question papers and mock tests give an idea about the question pattern and increase the speed of solving maximum questions with accuracy. NEET coaching allows maximum time for Mock tests and evaluation so the NEET aspirants can understand the difficulty level of questions and improve their performance in the real exam. 

  • Final Thoughts

There is no substitute for hard work and advance preparation! NEET aspirants should prepare all the important chapters of the NEET Syllabus and assess their preparation with regular revisions and mock tests. Analyzing weak and robust areas is vital to NEET preparation to overcome weaknesses quickly. 

Chapter weighted for the NEET exam aid in planning the preparation strategy effectively and focusing on the scoring topics. All this while proper sleep cycle and meditation are necessary to keep the mind refreshed and focused.

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